I

niciativa para la

R

ecuperación del

I

dioma

N

áhuat

~International

 

the

 

Nawat

 

language

 

recovery

 

initiative

IRIN-International     

Nawat texts

 

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Nawat:

v      The Nawat language

v      Grammar

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v      Texts

v      Song

 

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The Nawat language recovery initiative:

 

v      The recovery plan

v      Nawat goes to school

v      Inside NNT

v      Nawat for adults

v      Linguistic work on Nawat

v      Other objectives

 

An elementary Nawat vocabulary

(based on the work of Werner Hernández)

 

 

Adjectives

Agriculture

Animals

Ages

Body

Clothing

Colour

Food and drink (general)

Fruit and vegetables

Kinship

Natural environment

Places

Size

States of health, body and mind

Time

Tools and products

Verbs

Weather

 

 

Ages

kunet

child, baby

siwapiltzin

little girl

lamat

old woman

siwat

woman

nantzin

lady

takapiltzin

young man, youth

piltzin

little boy

tajtzin

gentleman

shulet

old man

takat

man

siwapil

girl

 

 

 

Kinship

eltiw

younger sister

pilawan

children

ikaw

younger brother

piltzin

son

iknew

relative, friend

pipi

older sister

ishwiu

grandchild

shulejyu

husband

kunpa

friend, compañero

siwapiltzin

daughter

manu

older brother

siwaw

wife

nan

mother

tatanoy

grandfather

noya

grandmother

teku

father

 

Places [see also Natural Environment]

kal

house

tal

land, country

mil

corn field, milpa

techan

village, town

there

tenkal

yard

nikan

here

tiupan

church

nujme

anywhere, everywhere

ujti

road, path

shajkal

small farm, ranch, hut

 

 

 

Natural environment

apan

river

shuchit

flower

ashal

sand

tal

land, earth

at

water

talpetat

hill

jaral

grass, undergrowth

tepet

mountain

kojtan

untilled land, forest

tet

stone

kwawit

tree

tit

fire

 

Animals

chakalin

shrimp

mistun

cat

chapulin

locust

muyut

fly

kalat

toad

papalut

butterfly

kanawti

duck

pelu

dog

kimichin

mouse

shikut

beetle

kuat

snake

tekwani

wild animal

kuke

iguana

tekwisij

crab

kulut

scorpion

tijlan

hen

kuyamet

pig

tuchti

rabbit

kuyut

coyote

tukat

spider

kwilin

worm

tutut

bird

masat

deer

tzikat

ant

michin

fish

tzinakan

bat

 

Weather

ejekat

wind

tanesi, tatwi

dawn (v.)

metzti

moon

tayua

night

mishti

cloud

tunal

sun, day

sesek

cold

tunalku

dry season

shalnaj ejekat

light wind, breeze

tutunik

hot

shupan

rainy season

wetzi at

rain (v.)

sital

star

 

 

 

Time

-a, -ya

already

shiwit

year

achtu

first

shupan

rainy season

ashan

now, today

tajkutunal

midday

katka

before, in the past

tapuyawa

morning

metzti

month

tayua

night

musta

tomorrow

te keman

never

nemanha

then, afterwards

tiutak

afternoon

ora

hour

tunal

day

peyna

early

tunalku

dry season

senpa

again, always

-uk, -yuk

still, yet

 

Colour

chiltik

red

susul

blue

istak

white

tiltik

black

shushuknaj

green

tultik

yellow

 

Size

chapachin

short (of stature)

pitzawak

thin

chikitik

small, little

tumawak

fat

kojtik

high, tall

wey

large

kutu

short (of length)

weyak

long

patawak

wide

 

 

 

Adjectives [see also Colour, Size]

ajwiak

tasty

tzupelek

sweet

chichik

bitter

waktuk

dry

ijyak

stinky

yankwik

new

inteyek

bad

yek

good

kunyua

dark

yektzin

pretty

sesek

cold

yultuk

alive

tutunik

hot

 

 

 

Body

chichiwal

nipple

nakas

ear

esti

blood

tzinkamak

buttock

ijti

belly

tzunkal

hair

ikshi

foot

tzuntekun

head

ish

eye

tzupi

anus

ishkaliu

face

tan

tooth

itztit

nail

ten

mouth

kechkuyu

neck

umit

bone

majkul

arm

weyka

body

mapipil

finger

yak

nose

metzkuyu

leg

yulu

heart

mey

hand

 

 

 

States of health, body and mind

amiki

feel thirsty

mayana

be hungry

chuka

cry

miki

die

isa

wake up

nesi

be born

kuchi

sleep

paki

be/become happy

kukua

hurt, ache

sekmiki

feel cold

kukuya

be/become ill

sutawa

be/get tired

kwalani

be/get angry

tata

burn oneself

majmawi

be/become afraid

wetzka

laugh

 

Clothing

ilpika

belt

kwachtzin

scarf

kakti

shoe, footwear

kweyat

petticoat, refajo

kuskat

necklace

sala

trousers

kwachti

cloth, rag

shunpe

hat

kwajkwach

clothes

wipil

blouse, shirt

 

Food and drink (general)

asujkal

sugar

istat

salt

at

water

nakat

meat

atata

alcohol

takwal

food

chilmul

chopped tomato salad

tamal

tortilla

iayu

juice, soup

teksisti

egg

 

Fruit and vegetables

awakat

avocado

kamuj

yucca

ayuj

kind of pumpkin

kinia

sweet banana

chil

pepper

lala

orange

elut

corn on the cob

manko

mango

eshut

runner bean

pula

plantain

et

kidney bean, frijol

tumat

tomato

 

Agriculture

elut

corn on cob, elote

shinachti

planting seed

ish

seed

sinti

corncob with husk

iswat

leaf

tal

ground, earth

mil

corn field, milpa

tawial

grains of corn

nelwat

root

ulut

cob without corn, olote

 

Tools and products

amat

paper

shumul

barrel

 

awil

toy

tawil

light, lamp

 

chikiwit

basket, hamper

tisat

chalk, writing utensil

 

kumal

earthenware pan, comal

tumin

money

 

kumit

pot

wajkal

basin, bowl, guacal

 

kushtal

sack

wewet

drum

 

shapun

soap

yawal

round cloth placed on head to help carry things, yagual

 

 

Verbs

[(I) = intransitive; m(u)- = reflexive; see also States of Health, Body and Mind]

ajkawa

leave, let

mu-teka

lie down

ajsi (I)

arrive

mutia

frighten

ajsi (T)

find

namaka

sell

altia

bathe (someone)

napalua

hug

ana

take, lift

neki

want

apaka

wash

nejnemi (I)

walk

ati (I)

drink water

nemi (I)

be, live

awiltia

play with

nutza

call, talk to

chia

wait for

pajtia

cure

chiwa

make, do

palewia

help

chulua

escape, run away

panu (I)

pass

elkawa

forget

pashalua (I)

go for a walk

elnamiki

remember

pata

change

ilpia

tie

patani (I)

fly

ilwia

tell

pewa (I)

begin

ina (I)

say

pia

have

ishmati

know, recognise

pua

count

ita

see

pulua

lose, destroy

itzkia

grab, catch

tachia (I)

look, observe

kaki

hear, listen to

tajtani

ask, ask for

kalaki (I)

enter

taketza (I)

talk

kalaktia

put in, cause to enter

takwika (I)

sing

keluni (I)

break

talia

put, place

kisa (I)

go out, come out

tami

finish

kua

buy

tapua

open

kutuna

cut

tashtawa

pay

kwa

eat

tawani (I)

get drunk

kwi

take, use

tejku (I)

go up

machtia

teach

teka

lay down

maka

give

tekiti (I)

work

m-altia

bathe (oneself)

tema

fill

mana

cook, prepare

temu (I)

go down

mati

know, understand

temua

look for

m-awiltia

play

titania

send

miktia

kill

tuka

plant, bury

m-inaya

hide

tuktia

order

mu-ketza

get up

tzakwa

close, cover

mu-kwepa

return

tzuma

sew

mu-machtia

study, learn

uni

drink

mu-mati

feel

weli (I)

be able, can

mu-neki

need

wetzi (I)

fall

mu-sewia

rest, stop working

weya (I)

grow

mu-suma

fight

wika

take, carry

muta

throw, attack

witz (I)

come

mu-talia

sit

yawi (I)

go

mu-talua

run

 

 

 

© 2004 Alan R. King, Monica Ward and IRIN.