General:
Introduction
Learning tips
How to do a Lession

Lessons:
Lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 3
Lesson 4
Revision 1
Lesson 5
Lesson 6
Lesson 7
Lesson 8
Revision 2
Lesson 9
Lesson 10
Lesson 11
Lesson 12
Revision 3

Tools:
Alphabet
Dictionary
Grammar
Culture

Nawat language program

Trucos especifica al lenguaje
Trucos independiente del lenguaje
Creating mental images
Applying images and sounds
Reviewing well
Employing action
Practicing
Receiving and sending messages
Analysing and reasoning
Creating structure
Guessing intelligently
Overcoming limitations
Centering your learning
Arrange and planning your learning
Evaluating your learning
Lowering your anxiety
Encouraging yourself
Taking your emotional temperature
Asking questions
Cooperating with others
Empathising with others

    Creating mental images
  • Group words together based on type, topic or similar grouping. Example: you can group together all the words to do with food.
  • Relate new language information to things you already know.
  • Place a word or phrase in a meaningful sentence, conversation, or story in order to remember it.
  • You can use images to help you remember new words.
Back to top
    Applying images and sounds
  • Make an arrangement of words into a picture, which has a key concept at the centre and related words linked to it by arrows.
  • Remember new words according its sound (maybe the new word sounds like a word in your own language).
Back to top
    Reviewing well
  • Review what you have learnt in carefully spaced intervals.
Back to top
    Employing action
  • Sometimes, physically acting out a new expression (e.g. going to the door) can help you learn new words and expressions.
  • You can use mechanical techniques to help you remember new words. For example, you can move words from one pile to another once you have learnt the new word.
Back to top
    Practicing
  • Listen to a new word several times and repeat it, imitating a native speaker.
  • You can practice the sounds of the language on their own as well as practicing how the language is written.
  • Make note and use routine formulas such as "how are you?"
  • You can combine elements you already know together to make longer phrases.
  • Practice the new language in natural, realistic settings. For example, try participating in a conversation with another speaker.
Back to top
    Receiving and sending messages
  • Try to determine the main idea of what is being said (do not worry about the details initially).
  • You can use printed and non-printed resources to help you communicate.
Back to top
    Analysing and reasoning
  • Use general rules about language that you know already and apply them to the new language. For example, verbs often have a different ending depending on who is doing the action.
  • Determine the meaning of a new expression by breaking it down into parts.
  • Compare elements (sounds, words)in the new language with elements in your own language.
  • Convert an expression in the new language into one in your own language (or visa versa)
  • Apply your knowledge of words, concepts and structures from one language to another.
Back to top
    Creating structure
  • Write down the main idea or specific points when learning something new.
  • Make a summary of new information.
  • You can use a variety of emphasis techniques (underlining, colour-coding) to highlight important information.
Back to top
    Guessing intelligently
  • If you do not understand something, you can always use language clues to guess the meaning of something.
  • If you do not understand something, you can always use guess based on the situation you are in (using your knowledge of the world).
Back to top
    Overcoming limitations
  • If you do not know a word in the new language, you can always try a word from your own language.
  • Ask for help if you do not know the word you are looking for.
  • You can use mimes or gestures to get across your meaning.
  • If you are going to have problems, sometimes you can avoid trying to say the difficult part.
  • You can choose a topic of conversion that you feel comfortable with.
  • You can simplify what you want to say or use similiar words (for example, pencil for pen).
  • You can make up new words to get your idea across.
  • If you do not know a word, you can describe what you mean. For example, for "pen" you might say "something for writing with ".
Back to top


    Centering your learning
  • You can associate new material with information you already know.
  • When you study a language, make a effort to pay attention to what you are learning.
  • Some people prefer to wait until they understand what they hear before they talk.
Back to top
    Arrange and planning your learning
  • Make an effort to understand how language learning works - it can work for you too!
  • The conditions in which you learn and your organisation affect how effective your learning will be.
  • Set aims for your language learning. For example, to finish a lesson by the end of the week.
  • Decide the purpose of a particular language task to make it more meaningful.
  • Plan what language elements you need to know for a particular situation.
  • Seek out or create opportunities to practice the language.
Back to top
    Evaluating your learning
  • Identify errors in understanding or producing the language, try to understand why they occur and then eliminate them.
  • Evaluate your progress in the language to see if you have improved.
Back to top
    Lowering your anxiety
  • You can use relaxation techniques (for example, deep breathing) to help you relax and reduce learning anxiety.
  • Listening to soothing music can help you relax and reduce learning anxiety.
  • Laughter can help you relax and reduce learning anxiety.
Back to top
    Encouraging yourself
  • Be positive with yourself - say or write positive statements to yourself.
  • Push yourself to take risks occassionaly in the language.
  • Reward yourself when you do something well in the new langauge.
Back to top
    Taking your emotional temperature
  • Pay attention to signals from your body - these can affect the learning process.
  • Use a checklist to find out how you feel about language learning.
  • Write a dairy to keep track of events and feelings when you are learning a new language.
  • Talk with a friend or teacher about language learning.
Back to top
    Asking questions
  • Ask the speaker to repeat, slow down explain or give examples.
  • Ask someone to correct what you are saying.
Back to top
    Cooperating with others
  • Work with other language learners to improve your skills.
  • Work with native speakers or other proficient users outside the classroom.
Back to top
    Empathising with others
  • Try to empathise with another person throught learning about the culture of the new langauge.
  • Observe the behavious of others.
Back to top