General:
Introduction
Learning tips
How to do a Lession

Lessons:
Lesson 1
Lesson 2
Lesson 3
Lesson 4
Revision 1
Lesson 5
Lesson 6
Lesson 7
Lesson 8
Revision 2
Lesson 9
Lesson 10
Lesson 11
Lesson 12
Revision 3

Tools:
Alphabet
Dictionary
Grammar
Culture

Nawat language program

Grammar revision
Questions
Time
Verb : kustu
Verb : neki
Verb : qa
Verb : mumactia
Verb : altia (maltia)
Verb : altia (kaltia)

Questions
Information
There are two ways of forming questions: with question words and an normal phrase said in a questioning tone of voice (like in English).
Explanation
tay?what?
ken?how?
kan?where?
tay ika?why?
tumawak mutatanoy?is your grandfather fat? (literally: is fat your grandfather?)
Examples
ken tinemi?how are you?
kan tinemi? where do you live?
picawak munoya? is your grandmother slim? (Literally: is slim your grandmother?)
Back to top



Time
Information
References to time have no fixed place in a sentence (they can go at the beginning or end).
Explanation
tik ne tunalku tutunikat the beginning: in summer it's hot
niqa peynaat the end: I eat early
Examples
tik ne xupna tanesi maqilin winter the sun rises at 5
tay tikciwa tayuwa?what do you do in the evening?
Back to top



Verb : kustu
Information
"kustu" means "to like".
(naha) metnukustu
(taha) metmukustu
(yaha) mettiikustu
(tehemet) tikustut
(anhemet) anmukustut
(yehemet) tiinkustut
Note
Note that the verb "kustu" takes a possessive.
Back to top



Verb : neki
Information
"neki" means "to like/want".
(naha) metnikneki
(taha) mettikneki
(yaha) mettikineki
(tehemet) tiknekit
(anhemet) anknekit
(yehemet) tikinekit
Back to top



Verb : qa
Information
"qa" means "to eat".
(naha) metniqa
(taha) mettiqa
(yaha) mettiqa
(tehemet) tiqat
(anhemet) anqat
(yehemet) tiqat
Note
"ta" is added when the object is not specified (or it's not known if there is an object).
Back to top



Verb : mumactia
Information
"mumactia" means "to study".
(naha) metnimumactia
(taha) mettimumactia
(yaha) mettimumactia
(tehemet) timumactiat
(anhemet) anmumactiat
(yehemet) timumactiat
Back to top



Verb : altia (maltia)
Information
"altia" means "to wash". The "m" at the beginning makes it reflexive.
(naha) metnimaltia (I wash myself)
(taha) mettimaltia (you wash yourself)
(yaha) mettimaltia (s/he washes her/himself)
(tehemet) timaltiat (we wash ourselves)
(anhemet) anmaltiat (you (plural) wash yourselves)
(yehemet) timaltiat (they wash themsleves)
Note
The "m" comes from the reflexive prefix "mu", which is shortened before a vowel.
Back to top



Verb : altia (kaltia)
Information
"altia" means "to wash". With a "k" at the beginning, it means that someone else is being washed.
(naha) metnikaltia (I wash him/her)
(taha) mettikaltia (you wash him/her)
(yaha) mettikaltia (s/he washes him/her)
(tehemet) tikaltiat (we wash him/her)
(anhemet) ankaltiat (you (plural) wash him/her)
(yehemet) tikaltiat (they wash him/her)
Back to top